Frequently Asked Questions about Bio Identical Hormone Optimization
What are Bio Identical Hormones?
In contrast to many pharmaceutical hormones such as Premarin and Provera, bio identical hormones are obtained from plant sources and are modified to have the exact same chemical structure and activity as the hormones that are produced in the human body. They can be measured in simple lab tests and can be adjusted as needed based on symptoms and laboratory levels.
What happens to our own hormone levels?
Aging is the biggest culprit- as we get older our own hormone producing glands, the thyroid, ovaries and testicles produce less hormones. Pollutants and chemical additives impair hormone production and surgeries can remove or limit the production of the key hormones.
What are the symptoms of lower levels of hormones?
The symptoms differ by sex and by hormone. In both men and women, progesterone deficiency can manifest itself with anxiety, depression, irritability and poor sleeping patterns. In women estrogen deficiency may cause weight gain, hot flashes, sweats, mood swings, fragile bones and increased risk of heart disease. In men, low testosterone can cause poor sex drive and erections, weight gain and loss of lean muscle mass and irritability. Lower levels of growth hormone in both men and women can cause loss of skeletal height, lower muscle mass, poor concentration and mental agility.
Is Bio Identical Hormone Therapy Safe?
The large scale studies of the Women’s Health Initiative cast doubt on the benefit of estrogen and progesterone supplementation in post menopausal women. There are however caveats to these studies that prevent applying the results to bio identical hormone therapy. The WHI studies only studied older women and used the most commonly prescribed pharmaceutical hormones of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) and medroxy progesterone acetate (MPA). Bio Identical hormones are not the same as the hormones used in the study.
Many past studies have supported a cardio protective effect of testosterone. Recent studies, however, of testosterone supplementation in men have conflicting results regarding testosterone therapy and the risk of heart disease and stroke. Major guidelines still support treating men (with close monitoring) who have clinical and laboratory evidence of testosterone deficiency.
Growth Hormone Optimization with growth hormone releasing factor and peptides provides a less expensive, more physiologic way to augment our own pituitary output of growth hormone with less concern about the risk from manufactured growth hormone administration.